Thursday, August 26, 2021

Enid Brady, Bob Ewing, and the Voices from Space

In August 1957, US military officials at the Pentagon examined evidence of extraterrestrial visitors. Robert Ewing said he was in regular contact with aliens, and he that they had appointed him their ambassador. At the Pentagon, he presented a 90-minute tape of a message from space.

It began in Florida with Enid Joan Brady. At the age of two, Enid emigrated with her parents from England in 1909 and settled in Ohio. She began her career back in the 1930s, training as a medium in Los Angeles, appearing in psychic demonstrations with Felica Crossley’s Institute of Metaphysical and Psychic Sciences. By 1936, Enid was lecturing and performing on her own as a spiritualist, and soon became known as Reverend Enid Brady based in Canton, Ohio, speaking across the USA. 

By 1954, she had relocated to Daytona Beach, Florida, and was advertised as a "Noted Camp Worker, Spiritualist and Trumpet Artist." There, she held religious services as the "First Christian Spiritualist Church” in a dingy meeting room at the faded Prince George Hotel.

Brady later said her UFO fame came after “four year’s research,” which would mean she began in 1953, the year George Adamski and Desmond Leslie’s Theosophy-based book on contact with Venus was published, The Flying Saucers Have Landed. In 1955, Enid formed the Daytona Beach Flying Saucer Research Club, with an announcement published in the New Age and UFO newsletter, The Little Listening Post, Dec 55/Jan 56 issue. Publisher Clara John said Enid Brady had called to tell her about it, and that she also “gave much intimate ‘contact info’.” Max Miller’s Saucers, March 1956 carried listing of UFO Group Meetings:

“FLORIDA, Daytona Beach -- Flying Saucer Research Group, 8 p.m., 1st & 3rd Friday, Prince George Hotel, 212 N. Ridgewood. Contact Enid Brady (Clinton 2-9996).”
Home of Enid Brady's church, flying saucer club, and press center.

In January 1957 Enid’s club began organizing a flying saucer convention and invited the Gray Barker of the Saucerian Bulletin and James W. Moseley of Saucer News to speak at the event. There’s no record of who attended, but it’s claimed that Donald Keyhoe lectured for them.

As a medium and spiritualist, Enid served as a voice for those in the spirit world. Something changed in the mid-1950s when Rev. Brady began to channel voices from Venus. But no one really heard about until she picked up a partner.

Robert Ewing lived in Edgewater, Florida. After graduating Dartmouth College in 1937, he went to New York to sell small planes and manage a small airport near Olean, NY. He moved south and was a television salesman when he met Enid Brady. This profile from The AOPA Pilot magazine, May 1959 (Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association) provides a good introduction.

Ewing was interested in flying saucers, and when he heard about Brady’s contact in 1957, he became her partner and publicity agent. Bob Ewing’s business letterhead he described him as "Representing the Planet Venus." In late August 1957, he arranged a press conference and demonstration of contact.

Enid Brady sat in a chair, closed her eyes, and then her body stiffened, and she began speaking in low-pitched voice. For the press, Rev. Brady channeled Johan, a Venusian man stationed on “Satellite Five,” orbiting far above the earth. Johan told about how his people’s ancient civilization had been flying their ventlas (spaceships) to observe earth for over 200 years. The ventlas had small generators that converted magnetic space force into electrical energy for propulsion. After he was done, Cymatrili began speaking, a higher, elegant voice, a 250-year-old woman (Venusians could live to be 700), a master teacher. The Venusians said they were peaceful and that our planet was finally mature enough for contact. They would be sending a ventla landing party between November 22 and 28, touching down nearby, and the attending reporters would be notified for interviews.


Orlando Sentinel, Aug. 22, 1957

Later news articles described Johan’s voice as low, Cymatrili’s as high, as if Enid Brady was using stage voices for different characters. Most of the messages echoed that from other Theosophy-derived Contactee stories but the tales were richer in texture, with the different model ventlas and the growing cast of characters, Cymatrili, Johan, Mandall, Hamatra and the others stationed on the Venusian satellites orbiting the Earth. Reporter Norman Wolfe covered the story as further details emerged over the months in frequent articles for the Orlando Sentinel.

Ewing revealed that Venusians “look like Earth people but have finer features and are tall.” However, “Martians are short, like Pygmies, and are very strong.” The two planets were friendly, both spoke the same language and visited the earth. “In 1954 three Martians landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California and were taken into protective custody by the United States. From a study of the Martian aircraft the U.S. learned how to make planes which now take off vertically.”

Wolfe reported that merchandise was planned, “Ewing hopes to sell recordings of Cymatrli’s voice and a book supposedly dictated by her. He says Columbia Records is interested in an album.”


Orlando Sentinel, Sept. 8, 1957

A flurry of local press followed, but Ewing wanted to get the message to the top. He travelled to Washington, DC and joined with flying saucer advocate, Wayne S. Aho, a retired Army major. They were able to obtain a meeting with Defense Department officials and play the taped messages from Venus for them.

Ewing said, “I visited the Pentagon several days ago and told them of my contact with Venus. They told me I would hear from them.” Meanwhile, back in Washington, Wayne Aho was getting impatient and told the United Press about the Pentagon meeting and played a copy of Brady’s tape for them. The story made the papers across the USA, but the press was unfavorable. After hearing the tape, the Defense Department concluded that it was at best, “Unimpressive and unconvincing.”

La Grande Observer, Sept. 19, 1957

The complete UP story ended with the final sentences:

 “Also, when their ships fly over Dew Line (the radar warning network) they will signal in Morse code V-E-N-T-L-A. Aho noted that in agreeing to the signal system, the voices from Venus "were not speaking for ships from other planets, just their own."

In the flying saucer business, there’s no such thing as bad publicity. Ewing became a local celebrity, as a Contactee who spoke to aliens. Somehow, Enid Brady was often relegated to a supporting role, like a magician’s assistant.

Orlando Sentinel, Sept. 10, 1957

Bob Ewing played another taped message from Venus at a Cocoa Beach fish fry in late September. Enid wasn’t there, but Wayne Aho attended to lend his support. A new voice was heard from, Hilee, director of flight training on Satellite Five. The big news was that Venus was monitoring our atomic weapons development and had recently destroyed the test flight of a faulty Atlas missile to prevent anyone from being harmed. Also, there was supposed to be a saucer landing at Patrick Air Force base that weekend. It didn’t happen, but there were some various sighting reports.

Ewing continued the publicity campaign with Rev. Brady, and they flew to Miami for another press conference.

Miami Herald, Sept. 30, 1957


The same issue ran a profile on Ewing.

Miami Herald, Sept. 30, 1957

The Orlando Sentinel, Oct. 1, 1957, reported that Rev. Brady channeled the message from Venus that they were represented by six voices on earth, two others in the US, one in the UK, George King (of the Aetherius Society), and one each in France and Russia. Further details of the Venusian’s bases and ventla flights were also revealed, like the fact that they can bend light rays around their ships to become invisible.

In a United Press story, Enid commented on the Soviet Sputnik satellite program, saying it was insignificant compared to what the Venusians already had done long ago.

Orlando Evening Star, Oct. 5, 1957

Brady and Ewing travelled to attend the annual convention of the National Spiritual Association in Portland, Maine, and while they were away, there were a few local sightings back home.

The Portland convention trip resulted in a major media story by George W. Cornell, who reported on religion for the Associated Press. His Oct. 17, 1957, article summarized the events and relayed the negative opinion from the National Spiritual Association, “At this time, we feel this communication with Venus has no bearing on spiritualism.” Some new details emerged, including the claim that the Venusians’ original mission was to halt the pollution of space from our atomic blasts, and they had sent the “green fireballs” to neutralize the radiation.  Ewing said, "I thought it was all a lot of bunk at first. I'm a practical guy, and I didn't believe it. But now I've talked to them enough to know it."

Eugene Guard, Oct. 19, 1957

There was some notable flying saucer activity in November, like the Levelland, Texas UFO sightings, and far less credibly, the Reinhold O. Schmidt encounter in Nebraska. His spacemen were from the wrong planet, Saturn, but Wayne Aho latched on to the Schmidt story for a while and vanishes from this one. Enid Brady and Bob Ewing benefited from the late 1957 flying saucer flap but did not connect their franchise to the other events or overtly claim it as part of the Venusian contact program.

Minister Gilbert Holloway (a Contactee himself) capitalized on Enid’s celebrity status while advertising her appearance in Miami for two shows at his New Age Church of Truth.


The New Era

“Venusians Fail To Land As ‘Promised’.” The November deadline came without any ventlas arriving. But there had been a caveat, the aliens allegedly told Ewing they would land “when the time was right.” Prophecy never fails.

Orlando Sentinel, Nov. 29, 1957

Bob Ewing was back with another story later in the year. He claimed the Venusians had sent a package of “vital information” to the US military to assist them in their missile and rocket research. They’d dropped it in a lake. As for the November landing, it had been scrubbed due to the presence of “unfriendly people who apparently meant no good to the Venusians.”

Vivian McMillian’s column in the Orlando Sentinel, Jan. 19, 1958, reported on the debut of a five-page flying saucer newsletter, The New Era:

"We have just read a copy of The New Era, a bulletin being published by Bob Ewing and Miss Enid Brady on their 'contacts' with the Venusians. According to the bulletin the ventlas will start flying again soon in the 'second stage' of their operation to penetrate the consciousness of the earth people and acquaint them with their plans for eventually landing and assisting the earth people to find peace and a better way of life. The bulletin goes on to say that Johan, communications officer for satellite five, flatly states that the Russians have definitely launched humans into space and furthermore that it was a woman who was sent into space in the Russian satellite. Also, according to Johan, Russia's Sputnik No. 1 will not fall to earth until June of this year."

Feb. 7, 1958, the Lions Club sponsored a Space forum held at Cocoa High School. Besides Enid Brady and Bob Ewing, “Sitting on the panel will be men from the following professional fields: Dr. J. R. Doty, physician; Charles B. Schneer, electronics; R. Moehle, meteorology; Rev. E.L. Stanton, theology; William Roundtree, law; James Glendinen, laymen; Comdr. A.L. Jacobsen, U.S. Navy Vanguard project; and possibly a member of the U.S. Air Force.”

In March, the papers announced that Enid Brady’s Daytona Beach Flying Saucer Research Club was holding a one-night convention at the Prince George Hotel, “featuring (seven) principal workers in the field of unidentified flying objects,” including authors and lecturers on the subject. No names were given, but the Miami convention featured “Dr.” George Hunt Williamson, Rev. John McCoy, and Judge Frank B. Dowling, talking about flying saucers, ancient peoples, and religion.

Bob Ewing managed to keep his name in the press with minor saucer news. While visiting relatives in New York, Ewing made an unscheduled appearance on the Long John Nebel’s radio show on May 30, 1958. He explained that “Miss Brady and I are given to understand by the Venusians that we represent them, with the little bulletin that I put out, ‘The New Era,’ …are given instructions and guidance. We are unpaid employees of the planet Venus, as we see it.” Unfortunately, Ewing did not bring a tape of Enid’s trance contacts to play on the air.

Long John Nebel with Bob Ewing, 5/30/58 (YouTube, 3 hours)  

A few months later, Ewing was back in the Florida papers with another whopper.

Orlando Sentinel, Aug.17, 1958


We found no mention of either Brady or Ewing in UFO-related matters in 1959. According to an article in the April 19, 1959, Orlando Sentinel, Bob Ewing took a job with the spiritualist magazine, Psychic Observer, published in Southern Pines, North Carolina. 

Enid Brady carried on without Ewing, but she did not abandon the saucer business. She’d moved her church from Daytona Beach to its own home at 1531 Center Ave., Holly Hill. In May, “The New Era” bulletin was renamed “Golden Era Letters,” published and edited by Enid Brady.

Former site of Enid Brady's church

The Miami Herald, Feb. 8, 1960, published an article that indicated the Brady-Ewing saucer business was over. It was short on details, but Enid Brady distanced herself from the saucer prophecy with a peculiar claim, “I’ve discovered something that leads me to believe there is no such place as Venus -- as we conceive it.” Bob Ewing was “now selling swimming pools.” 

No Venus? It had been previously revealed that the Enid had been talking to people on orbiting space stations, not with anyone actually on the planet Venus. Maybe they'd fibbed about being from Venus, or? Maybe she lost Venus in some kind of custody battle with Ewing. Bob showed up in a few Miami talk show listings, the last press we found for him was in Sept. 1960, billed as an “ESP specialist,” and “press agent for Venus.”  

Norbert F. Gariety, publisher of the saucer newsletter, S.P.A.C.E. frequently covered Brady’s exploits. In July of 1960, Gariety, said, that Enid Brady informed him, “the space people are bringing here to this planet, new types of animal life and also… new types of flowers are also appearing, of which there was no prior record.” He paid Enid attended a meeting at Enid’s church and wrote about her “mental contact with visitors from other planets.”

S.P.A.C.E. Sept.1960

Enid’s advertising frequently mentioned her “Space Contact” work. She published “Space Bulletin” through the mid-1960s, and around the same time she also published issued a 7-page booklet, “Atlantis Rediscovered.” She continued to travel to Miami, and in Dec. 1960, Enid lectured for the Mark-Age (UFO-related religious organization) alongside Contactee Gloria Lee, but apparently something was off. In S.P.A.C.E., Jan. 1961, Norbert F. Gariety carried a notice at Brady‘s request: “she is no longer associated in any way with ‘Mark-Age’ or ‘Cosmon Research.’” (Both connected to Gloria Lee.)

Throughout the early 60s Enid's lectures continued to deal with otherworldly contact, with such titles as “Voice From Outer Space.” 

Miami News, Jan. 17 & 22, 1966

The last mention of Bob Ewing we could find was of his 1966, appearance on “The Betty Groebli Show” on WRC. Skeptic Philip J. Klass interviewed Ewing, who was described as a “space medium.”

Enid was about done with the UFO business, too. Larry Bryant wrote that,” in early January 1967, she wrote me about having received a threatening phone call. She said it so unnerved her that she decided forthwith to suspend publishing the [Space] Bulletin. She suspects the man making the call was a CIA operative.” After that she kept the space contact work on the "hush-hush side." There was one final documented Enid Brady extraterrestrial encounter.
 

The 1968 Oak Island Séance and the Space Entities

In 1973, Esquire magazine reporter Don Rosenbaum said he found transcripts of three 1968 seances that Oak Island treasure hunter Dan Blankenship attended. Rev. Enid Brady of Daytona Beach was hired as a medium, and on Jan. 12, 1968:

“… according to Rev. Brady, it was successful. Two ‘space entities,’ as she called them, were summoned in the Mount Vernon seance, and in this and the ‘many’ others that followed, Blankenship was told facts about Oak Island never heard before. The two space entities, Athea and Hambul. confirmed the existence of the treasure, Rev. Brady said [and also] how to retrieve it.”

The Palm Beach Post, Feb 28. 1973

Enid Brady’s First Christian Spiritualist Church was renamed at the end of the 60s, and from 1969 on it was called the Little White Church, affiliated with the National Spiritualist Association. She continued to perform in public, but seldom mentioned anything like ventlas.

In the late 70s, Rev. Brady was teaching classes for the Daytona Beach community college for parapsychology at her church in Holly Hill.

In the article about her saucer days for the MUFON Journal, Jan. 1983, “Enid Brady’s E-T Contact Legacy,” Larry W. Bryant wrote, “In an effort to bring myself up-to-date on her status, I called her on April 16, 1982...” 

We found no mention of Rev. Brady’s lectures or ministry after March 1983, and it seems Bryant’s piece seems to have written about the time of her retirement. We found no record of the death of either  Enid Brady or Bob Ewing, but it's near certain they've since moved on to another world. We toast them as two Ufologists That Time Forgot.

. . .

Thursday, August 12, 2021

The UFO Evidence of Robert C. Gardner


Robert Coe Gardner (Feb. 3, 1914 – Nov. 13, 1990) is one of the many Ufologists that Time Forgot, one of the few that advertised himself as “Formerly of the U.S. Air Force.”

Gardner’s profile appeared with his article, “Flying Saucers: The World's Greatest Wonder” in DePauw Alumnus Nov 1, 1953, where he also wrote:

“During the last war I was in the Air Force, trained in aircraft identification and construction, and I was raised in Dayton, Ohio, called the home of aviation. Consequently, when trained experts began to report these unconventional round aircraft, I began to take notice and do a little research on the subject. Then in August of 1952, my wife and I saw two of these craft at rather close range in the daytime, and I determined then to devote my full time to research on the subject. My science lectures gave way to ‘saucer’ lectures and to a six-month research and lecture tour, including many points in Europe, from which I have just returned.”

In 1955 respected researcher Leonard Stringfield endorsed Gardner saying, “… he is available for lecturing. Gardner, world-traveled and well informed on the UFO, has lectured to Air Force groups, universities. and clubs. He features with his talk, motion pictures showing UFO's which he upholds are real.” Decades later, historian Jerome Clark described Gardner in Fortean Times, Aug. 2017 as "an obscure yarn-spinner... who occasionally surfaced on the fringes of the early UFO scene, always with a whopper at the ready."  So, was Gardner sincere - or a sensationalist? Let’s look at the evidence.

 

A Phenomenal Lecturer

 Robert Gardner said his UFO interest began in 1949 after reading Donald Keyhoe’s article and subsequent book, The Flying Saucers Are Real. Prior to that he was a science lecturer, but period media accounts reflect things differently, more in a metaphysical vein. The Virginia Beach News of June 1, 1951, described Gardner as being “director of the Universal Studies Forum of San Francisco,” in town to deliver the lecture, “Your Place in the World of Tomorrow" for the psychic group, Edgar Cayce’s Association for Research and Enlightenment at their twentieth annual Congress. The next month he was back home in San Francisco, lecturing at the Christian Spiritualist Church on “Frequency and Vibrations in Relation to Spiritism.” 

The San Francisco Examiner, May 17, 1952, reported that Gardner had taken a new job with Dr. George Carter, a practitioner of magnetic healing, saying, “this week (Carter) announced the addition to his staff of Robert Coe Gardner… a metaphysical lecturer and teacher, is popular with audiences throughout the Bay area.” During this time, Gardner supposedly conducted a “world-wide research trip on flying saucers.” Redlands Daily Facts, Aug. 25, 1952, carried the report of Gardner’s own saucer sighting while on a picnic with his wife.

Around the time of his sighting, Gardner dropped the metaphysics business and put together some stage props for a new career. The first documentation we could find of Gardner’s UFO lecturing was from Ohio in the Dayton Daily News, November 2, 1952, a television show notice:

“Bob Gardner formerly of Dayton and now of San Francisco will appear on two WLW-D shows Tuesday as an amateur flying saucer expert. He will guest on ‘Dayton and the Nation’ at 11:45 a.m. and the ‘Coffee Club’ at 1:30 p.m.”

The Chico Enterprise-Record, Aug. 4, 1953, reported on the upcoming lecture by Gardner at the Chico Art Club, “Flying Saucers: What They Are and Where They Come From.” By late 1953 Gardner had established a reputation as a professional UFO lecturer, touring across the United States and abroad. 


On November 10, 1953, Gardner spoke at the Lansing (Michigan) Econ Club on "What Will Science Do in the Next 25 Years?" His lecture covered: “cinerama, flying saucers, phenomena, latest uses (of) atomic power, submarine and air craft, the new astronomy, new discoveries in the realm of the human mind and the future of radio and television.”

In Los Angeles, The Daily News, Nov. 26, 1953, carried a notice:

“Lecturer Robert Coe Gardner will consider that ever intriguing subject, matter, “Are Flying Saucers From Outer Space?” in three lectures, 8 p.m. Dec: 3 and 4, and 2 p.m. Dec. 6 at 1629 N. La Brea Ave. The lectures, sponsored by Flying Saucers International, headed by Max B. Miller, 19, student of the saucer problem, will be illustrated with what Gardner says are actual motion pictures of flying saucers in flight.” 
The Daily News, Dec. 7, 1953

The Daily News, Dec. 7, 1953, featured an article, “Flying saucer fever mounting,” discussed Garner and his lectures saying, he “identifies himself as ‘formerly of the Air Force,’ but becomes rather vague when it comes to his job and rank in that noteworthy organization.” As for the evidence he shared:

“Gardner produced a magazine photograph, purportedly snapped in Germany, showing one of the ‘little men’ in company with an admirably casual group of earthlings. ‘I believe this photograph to be genuine,’ stated the lecturer, unimpressed by the little fellow’s startling resemblance to a skinned gibbon. In addition to wooden models and artists' conceptions of saucers… Gardner’s lecture was advertised as being illustrated by a ‘documented’ film. This turned out to be largely movies of witnesses describing what. they had sighted, ‘authorities’ telling what they think and film clips of still photographs of blobs in the sky.”

Gardner’s “little men” photo was originally published in the 1950 April Fool’s Day edition of  the German magazine, Neue Illustrierte, with the title “Der Mars-Mensch” (The Mars Man). 

Neue Illustrierte,“Der Mars-Mensch”

It was a crude photomontage: a man in a skater’s costume portraying the Martian, composited into shot of two men and women. Due to the support of Gardner and other credulous or opportunistic ufologists, the Martian photo fake has been circulated as genuine alien photo for decades. See Kentaro Mori’s site for an excellent article on the “Silverman” hoax, The FBI/KGB/SS Alien Photo: Found.

Robert Gardner personally investigated at least one UFO case in California, the Brush Creek Saucer series of close encounters. From “Saucer Fails to Land At Brush Creek,” in the Chico Enterprise-Record, July 23, 1953:

“John Van Allen and John Q. Black (told) Robert C. Gardner of San Francisco the tale of the flying saucer that landed seven times on a sandbar at the junction of Marble and Jordan Creeks. The last time it landed, a four-foot man dressed up in ‘the snuggest outfit you ever saw’ emerged and scooped up a pail of water from the Marble Creek, Black said. Gardner, who claims that saucers are occupied by ‘beings of a sort,’ said he visited the miners ‘to find out what this is all about, as nearly as I can.’”


Uncharacteristically, Gardner had a skeptical outlook on the encounter. Gray Barker in his 1956 book, They Knew Too Much About Flying Saucers, “as far as the Brush Creek episode was concerned, he believed Black and Van Allen had experienced a ‘psychic aberration’ which ‘resembled a mirage'.”

In his column for Aug. 5, 1954, "Criswell Predicts," the psychic said, "Flying Saucers Fans: Robert Coe Gardner of San Francisco will soon make a most important announcement!" There’s no record of that happening, but M.K. Jessup’s 1956 book, The UFO Annual reported that after a June 1955 lecture at the auditorium in San Jose, California, saucer buff Bill Raub questioned Gardner, who under pressure, claimed to have “talked to several men, including doctors, who actually examined ‘little men from cracked up saucers in Mexico'."
 

An Alleged Disclosure Delayed from 1953

One of Gardner’s enduring contributions to UFO lore is the quote he allegedly obtained from General Benjamin Chidlaw during a March 1953 meeting. 

It was first disclosed in C.R.I.F.O. ORBIT by Leonard Stringfield, November 4, 1955. The statement described how he met General  Chidlaw, then in charge of US continental air defenses at Ent Air Force Base in Colorado:

"Out of courtesy to General Chidlaw, who has since retired, I have withheld until now the vitally important information herewith revealed. In the course of the half hour private interview the General mentioned, among many other interesting items, the following, “we have stacks of reports about flying saucers. We take them seriously when you consider we have lost many men and planes trying to intercept them’.”

That issue of ORBIT also contained “Violence in Retrospect,” a tale from Gardner about a possible 1939 UFO incident, a military transport plane with thirteen men that came back from a seemingly unearthly battle will all aboard dead or dying. The story has gone on to become cited as evidence of both human mutilations and gremlins, and he was quoted in Charles Berlitz's World Of Strange Phenomena, 1988. In his 2003 book, Strange Skies: Pilot Encounters with UFOs, historian Jerome Clark had this to say about Gardner and his story: "There is no evidence that anything like this ever happened in real life... Gardner, a minor figure on the early UFO scene, had a reputation as a spinner of yarns and a shader - at best - of truth.”

A contemporary discussion of Gardner’s credibility can be found in Jim Moseley's book, page 82. On Dec.16, 1953, Mosely met with Al Chop, the former public information officer for the UFO topic at the Pentagon, and Ed Ruppelt, former head of Project Blue Book, having retired from the Air Force, just a few months previously. Moseley asked them their opinion of UFO authors Frank Scully and George Adamski, but the men laughed and described them as having a “questionable reputation.” 

Moseley wrote:
“This prompted Ruppelt to bring up a Robert Coe Gardner, who was lecturing in California and wowing his audiences with claims he had received secret information and previously unreleased photos of saucers from high-level government contacts, proving UFOs were from outer space. If possible, Ruppelt and Chop considered Gardner to be even lower than Scully and Adamski. Chop said he'd known Gardner for years, as they'd both grown up in Dayton, Ohio. It turns out that when confronted by the air force, Gardner admitted he'd clipped his ‘unreleased photos’ from newspapers! The man had also once told Chop that Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg, former chief of staff of the air force, had told reporters off the record that the saucers were from space. Both Chop and Ruppelt dismissed this claim as nonsense…”

The Robstown Record, April 1, 1954, published a front page of three winged flying saucers over their main street.

A few months later, The Robstown Record (Texas), Jun 17, 1954, reported on a letter from Gardner asking to buy a copy of their saucer photograph, him falling for another April Fool’s Day hoax.



An Examination of Gardner’s Retail Ufology

At the time Gardner began lecturing there were only a handful of UFO books, and lectures were a popular way for the public to get some combination of entertainment and education. Gardner’s lectures were a curious mix of gullibility and skepticism. He presented himself with an air of authority, a science lecturer with a military aviation background. Like the Air Force, he insisted that the vast majority of saucer sightings were misidentified conventional objects, but he claimed remaining 10 to 20% included real flying saucers from the US, the UK and the USSR, who had all discovered antigravity and were flying saucers, he thought. These were not as advanced as the other kind, the ones flown by visitors from within our solar system, and most likely from beyond as well. The aliens were peaceful, he said, perhaps here to monitor our maturement as a civilization.

Gardner seemed to accept some element of truth to every saucer story he ever heard, and he was a supporter of Frank Scully’s tale of a captured disk and little men from space hidden by the US military. He said he believed there had been genuine saucer contact cases but thought people like Orfeo Angelucci and Truman Bethurum were sincere, but subjected to a "psychological expectation” that affected their recollection.” In other words, it was mostly in their head.

Chances are that anyone coming away from Gardner’s lectures agreed with some of what he said, but probably ignored the parts they didn’t want to hear, a bit like with a horoscope or a palm reading. After the show was over, there was the chance to buy UFO literature and photos. At his one of his lectures for the Redondo Beach Woman's Club, the local paper reported:

“During the talk Gardner (1) handed out cards announcing his next series in Hollywood, (2) plugged two books and a number of pictures he had for sale, (3) collected names and addresses from the audience so they could be notified of future available literature.”

One such saucer photo for sale was said to be taken by Joe Kerska Oct. 10, 1956, in San Francisco. Gardner sold copies of the picture by mail and probably at his lectures. It was featured on the cover a of a few saucer newsletters and Ray Palmer’s Flying Saucers from Other Worlds, August 1957, carried an article by Gardener, “The San Francisco Photo.”

The photo was featured on the covers of George Van Tassel's
 
Proceedings of the College of Universal Wisdom Feb/Mar 1957,
and 
Max Miller's SAUCERS Spring 1957.

From the archives of Louis Taylor

NICAP’s 1964 book,
The UFO Evidence concluded: “The alleged UFO strongly resembles a small model at relatively close range, thrown into the air and photographed… the photograph is considered dubious.”

Another dodgy saucer photo sold by Gardner. From the archives of Louis Taylor.


A Model Ufologist

For his lectures, Gardner constructed small saucer models, and some saucer-shaped model planes that could actually fly. In addition, he claimed he his props demonstrated principles of antigravity propulsion.



The Statesman Journal, (Salem, Oregon), July 11, 1957

The Vancouver Sun (British Columbia, Canada), Aug. 1, 1957, “quoted Gardner as saying, “From what I’ve found, the spacemen who have landed here are small, smelly and greenish in color.” He went on to say, “We have evidence from people all over the United States who have seen little green men alight from space ships.” He also said a little green man, 27 inches high, was captured near Mexico City in 1950.

Max Miller of Flying Saucers International interviewed Gardner on September 14, 1957. This is rare 40-minute recording is the only known media surviving of Gardner, and he covers a lot of ground fielding Miller’s questions about his background, beliefs and thoughts on the UFO topic and his experiences lecturing on it. Gardner discusses his meeting with Donald Keyhoe and Arthur C. Clarke, also hints about having insider contacts at Wright Patterson Air Force base. He also discusses his own sighting and those of others and the topics range from contact to antigravity and dimensional energy. It’s a fascinating sampling of saucer thought circa 1957.

 Hear the recording hosted of interview hosted on YouTube: Max Miller interviews Robert Coe Gardner


Leaving UFO Show Business

By late 1957, Gardner was still at it, but playing small venues to and a diminishing audience.


The Hollywood, CA Citizen-News  Dec. 7, 1957

The Long Beach, CA, Press-Telegram, Dec. 15, 1957, was one of the few skeptical articles to challenge some of Robert C. Gardner’s claims. Asked about his Air Force experience, “Gardner said he was in service two years during World War II. What rank? Very confusing, he said. The Air Force had him pretend he was a civilian. But what was his rank? Major, he said finally.”

Perhaps due to the glut of UFO authors and Contactees on the lecture circuit, Gardner’s audience seemed to be shrinking. At his mid- December 1957 lecture at the YWCA auditorium with a capacity of 200, only 32 people attended. When Gardner took the stage, he apologized for “this record small audience.”


In his press, Gardner claimed to have pioneered the concept of UFO clubs back in 1949.

 The San Mateo Times, June 23, 1958

On July 21, 1958, Gardner spoke for another small crowd at the UFO Study Group of Redwood City, CA, on “the spiritual aspects respecting the ability of UFOs to appear and disappear.” Up until the end, Gardner was still circulating the Silverman “Martian” photograph. Note the metallic flying saucer model he’s holding in the photo below. Also shown, a ticket to a Gardner 1960 UFO lecture at Carmel, CA, possibly among his last.

Robert Coe Gardner photo via Joe Fex/APE-X Research, Ticket via UFOPOP 

One possible reason for Gardner leaving the UFO business comes from the Utah Washington County News, Jan. 29, 1959. They reported that a group of California men had purchased the Virgin oil refinery, and “Robert Coe Gardner of San Francisco, president of the corporation plans to spend part of his time in the area.”

Gardner seems to have dropped out of sight in the saucer scene after 1960, but there was an unfavorable mention of him in NICAP's Affiliate / Subcommittee Newsletter, May 28, 1965, which featured Richard Hall’s top “Five Most Wanted List” of crackpots harmful to the credibility of the UFO topic.

Robert Coe Gardner. Lecturer on UFOs using films of dubious origin, by personal admission “making a living” off the subject. Totally undiscriminating in choice of materials; likely to try link himself with NICAP for prestige purposes. No connection with NICAP, but makes use of ‘The UFO Evidence.’ Bears watching. Based in San Francisco.”

Apparently, Gardner had already begun focusing on other things. By 1965 he was regularly lecturing on nutrition, frequently on, “What Is Necessary for Complete Health.” 

Healdsburg Tribune, Aug. 12, 1965

There’s not much documented about Gardner’s Utah oil corporation, but it was not successful. The Vernal Express, Sept. 14, 1967, reported that the Uintah County Sheriff was conducting a sale of Gardner’s oil refinery equipment to pay off debts to creditors.

One peculiar semi-paranormal bit with Gardner seeming to return to roots, in a 1974 Edgar Cayce inspired book by Paul James, California Superquake, 1975-77?: Scientists, Cayce, Psychics Speak. “After fifteen years of seismological research, Robert Coe Gardner, M.A., of San Francisco has constructed a map - chronology which shows the following serial catastrophes as he foresees them… (stock market crash, apocalyptic earthquakes in San Francisco and Los Angeles). 

The catastrophes did not go as predicted, so in 1976 Gardner was advertising himself in the San Francisco Examiner, offering the following services: “Lecturer, Prayer Counseling.” 

The San Francisco Examiner, Aug. 28, 1976

Advertisements indicate Gardner mainly spoke on the topic of wellness and nutrition. The last ad found was from 1985 in Los Angeles, where was still lecturing on "Essentials for Complete Health." 

Robert Coe Gardner died of cancer in 1990 at the age of 76.

The Ukiah Daily Journal, Nov 15, 1990

Gardner has been largely forgotten by ufology, his name mainly a footnote in connection with the alleged quote from General Chidlaw and the legend of the 1939 mysterious aerial attack on the military transport plane. For better or worse, Gardner was an influential pioneering lecturer spreading both facts and folklore of flying saucers to the public at the grass roots level.

Over two decades after his death, a book connected with his name was published, Psychic Phenomena and the Ductless Glands. The 18-page booklet seems to have been a lecture by occultist by Manly Palmer Hall, published with an introduction by Robert Coe Gardner. It was probably a remnant from his metaphysical days at the beginning of the 1950s before he became a flying saucer expert.

Flying Saucer Clickbait from 1947

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